We are indeed making some progress, today I will be going over the install process for ownCloud 8.0.2 and walking you through the best practices.
Configure static IP address
Do not leave your machine to grab an IP from DHCP, I suggest you have a spreadsheet that lists all IP addresses within your subnet and there status (free/used/reserved). Doing this has helped me keep my network organized and no more dang IP conflicts!
Using your favorite text editor, open the interface file which is located in /etc/network/interfaces
I have already reserved a IP address in my list so that is won’t get used anywhere else, I suggest you do that same. Under the primary network interface comment is where you want to put your static address.
# The primary network interface
iface eth0 inet static
Once you have entered this information, save your changes (in nano it is CTRL + X) and exit the text editor. At this point it would be a good idea to reboot the machine to insure it does come back up with the correctly set static IP address.
Installing ownCloud 8.0.2
First thing to do is add ownCloud’s repo to apt-get by doing the following command:
Once you have created your repo file and optionally downloaded/saved the key, do the following:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install owncloud
You should see something similar to below…
You will be asked for confirmation, enter Y and let’s get this ball rolling!
During the install process, you will be asked to set a password for the root user for MySQL, I suggest a strong password here and be sure that you keep record of it because we will need it when we configure ownCloud.
Once apt-get is finished downloading all of the bits bring up your favorite
At this time, fill in the blanks including the password that you had setup during the install process for mysql and hit Finish Setup.
The setup process will take a few minutes so do not navigate away from the page and let it process. Once the setup finishes you will enter the main dashboard for your user account.
On the top right, click your username and go to the Admin section, from here lets clear up some of the warnings that ownCloud might be complaining about.
Resolving the “PHP charset is not set to UTF-8” warning
Let’s jump back into our SSH session and edit the relevant php.ini file that this warning is referring to. Open up /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini in your favorite editor again and search for the phrase “default_charset”. (CTRL + W in nano)
;PHP'sdefaultcharacter set isset toempty.
Once you find it, remove the colon in front of it to uncomment and after that is done, restart apache2 and refresh the admin page to get rid of the warning.
Here are the commands that I used to achieve this:
service apache2 restart
Resolving the security warning
You are accessing ownCloud via HTTP. We strongly suggest you configure your server to require using HTTPS instead.
In order to enable HTTPS, we must first enable SSL and assign a certificate to use. To create a self-signed certificate, do the following:
At this time you will be prompted to enter a bunch of information regarding the certificate, if this is going to be a private server that only you use then feel free to make up and/or leave some fields blank. Here is what I filled out:
These are the settings that you need to add/change:
Once your certificate is created, restart apache2 and HTTPS/SSL should be working on your ownCloud and you should no longer see the warning in the admin dashboard.
sudo service apache2 restart
While we are at it, let’s enforce HTTPS by enabling the following options
What these options do is if you go to the HTTP version (plaintext) of your ownCloud, it will automatically redirect you to the HTTPS version.
Recommended ownCloud Apps
To enable this, login as a admin user and go to the Apps section. From there, go to the Not Enabled section.
At this point your ownCloud installation should be fully functional via the web interface or client. What I did on my machines is instead of installing the ownCloud client, I opted to map the drive. To do this in Windows, bring up command prompt as administrator and enter in the following command:
I did something similar on my Macbook Air as well by connecting to the server and mounting the weddav folder associated with my account.
Port forwarding – If your ownCloud instance is sitting behind a firewall and you need to access it externally, you will need to create a policy on your firewall/router to allow traffic to/from your ownCloud server using TCP 443.
DNS records – I currently use Namecheap as my domain name provider and made a new A record to point owncloud.uglyvpn.com to my external IP address. This process took close to 10hrs to complete but can take up to 48hrs for all DNS changes to propagate around the world.
Welcome back everyone to part 2 in this series of How to Install ownCloud on Ubuntu using Hyper-V, today we will be going through on getting the OS installed and configuring network settings.
Let’s start off by getting our VM started and walk through the initial install steps
Installing Ubuntu 14.10 on Hyper-V
Once you start up the VM it should boot off of the .iso that we attached earlier and ask for your language of choice
Select your preferred language and hit enter key, at the next screen select the top option to “Install Ubuntu Server”
The next few screens of the installation will ask you about keyboard layout and what your hostname should be, I opted for applinux
During the install process, you will be asked if you want to encrypt your home directory, this is a personal preference and for my scenario, I opted not to encrypt only the home folder but instead do a entire disk encryption.
Since this VM will be holding sensitive information outside of the home directory, lets setup partitioning to also encrypt the entire drive. Now why would I want to do this? Well, let’s say someone is able to get onto my Hyper-V host and has the ability to copy/clone/VSS my VM and now they have a version of my Linux App Server….well it won’t be of any use unless they are able to provide the correct key to decrypt!
Be sure that you remember what the encryption key is that you are setting, I would hate for you to lock yourself out of your own server 🙁
Install OpenSSH when you’re given the option, apache2 and mysql will be installed at a later time.
The reason we want to install OpenSSH now is so we can remotely SSH into this server using Putty when the OS finishes installing. From there, we can quickly copy/paste commands into the window because Hyper-V can be finicky when it comes to that. In the meantime, I suggest you go grab your favorite SSH client (mine is Putty) and have it ready for the next portion of this guide.
Once the VM finishes installing and restarts, it will prompt you to login. Once logged in, you should have a similar logon information as below.
Alright folks, this looks like a good spot for me to stop for this iteration in the guide. This should give you a chance to mess around with the install process and allow you to fine tune it to your needs before we start installing ownCloud.
The virtualization platform that will be used in this project will be Windows Server 2012r2 Hyper-V and the linux distro that I will be using is Ubuntu Server 14.10.
Here are the steps to getting this virtual machine created
Open up Hyper-V console and create a new Virtual Machine, I named mine AppLinux because I plan to install other applications (plex, subsonic, etc) at a later time.
I opted to use Gen2 because I wanted all of the features, most likely we will not be using most of them but I figure this would be a good learning experience.
I want to give this virtual machine a fixed set of memory to use, based on your servers capacity you could tweak the number around to give better performance. If at all possible, do not use dynamic memory because you do not want to run into a scenario in which this VM will require memory but it is tied up elsewhere!
On the next page, select the virtual switch that you would like to use for this machine. (I left this portion out on purpose because I did not want to introduce any network connectivity issues for my other VMs)
Make sure to store your VHD file in a location where there is enough space, my VHD size is 500gb and set to be a dynamic disk. However, I did notice that even though my disk type was set to dynamic, that during the paritioning phase of the install the VHD grows to its max size even though it shouldn’t. So to reduce any headaches, I know that I can afford 500gb of space on my drives so that’s all I assign it. You can always expand the vhdx at a later time and then resize the partition in the OS.
On the next page locate your Ubuntu 14.10 .iso file and click finish
This is the end of part 1 of this guide, next guide will walk you through the installation process of the OS and then we will start loading up ownCloud and customizing it to our liking.
coding, troubleshooting and some explainin, all in a days work for this engineer